Should scientific theories be falsifiable? Many insist that they must be. Others argue that theories are useful even when they are not falsifiable. In a recent blog, Noah Smith argues that if theories make no claims about the physical world, then it should not matter.
The concept of a self-driving car reminds me of the concept of a space elevator: easy to think, impossible to realize. Despite that, both concepts have enjoyed huge publicity. The reasons for that are both simple and complex. But above all, the ultimate reason for such concepts is a whole new generation of engineers with an education founded on simulation. In simulation, everything is possible, including anti-gravity.
Recently there have been attempts by authors of mainly social science textbooks to retrofit theories that failed to predict the 2007 financial crisis with auxiliary hypotheses that allow them to deal with such events. This may amount to scientific fraud.
Naive approaches to randomness associate random events to outcomes that cannot be predicted precisely. Then, the argument is that lack of prediction is in turn due to lack of knowledge of initial conditions and as a result true randomness does not exist. The conclusion then is that probability does not exist in the world. However, this is the formal logical fallacy of denying the antecedent.
Individuals with Asperger syndrome who have managed to become scientists, or even worse philosophers, have been a drag to progress and innovation. Many such individuals, due to unique abilities of presenting themselves as true geniuses have reached very high positions and control the dissemination of new ideas.
Probability is not necessarily related to randomness but manifests itself in all types of phenomena, deterministic or stochastic.
Any claim about new knowledge is non-verifiable. This I define as the New Knowledge Paradox.
With a geometric growth of digital technology in progress, it is a matter of time before Digital Gods and new Digital Religions appear. As a matter of fact, it is quite interesting that no major revision of traditional religious beliefs has taken place in the last 2,000 years.